Wikipedia page on the Inuit translator and guide Tookoolito translated into Interlingua

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

Tookoolito, del gravure del anno 1862
Tookoolito, del gravure del anno 1862 / Tookoolito, from an 1862 engraving

More work on translating material from the main page of Wikipedia into Interlingua to try to get attention paid to IALs. This one is particularly interesting, about an Inuit guide named Tookoolito who spent quite some time in England with her husband Joseph Ebierbing, eventually returning after to serve on a number of exhibitions in the 19th century.

English Interlingua

Tookoolito (Inuktitut Taqulittuq) (born c. 1838; died December 31, 1876) known as "Hannah" among whalers of Cumberland Sound, was an Inuk woman who served as translator and guide to Charles Francis Hall, an Arctic explorer involved in the search for Franklin's lost expedition in the 1860s and 1870's. Her husband, Jospeh Ebierbing, known as "Joe," worked alongside her as a guide and hunter, and they both accompanied Hall on the United States Polaris Expedition.

Tookoolito (Inuktitut Taqulittuq) (nasceva c. 1838; moriva December 31, 1876) cognoscite como "Hannah" inter baleneros de Cumberland Sound, esseva un femina del Inuit qui serviva como traductor e guida a Charles Francis Hall, un arctic explorator involvite in le cerca pro le Expedition perdite de Franklin in le annos 1860s e 1870s. Su marito, Ebierbing, cognoscite como "Joe", laborava al latere de illa como un guida e chassator, e illes ambe accompaniava Hall in le Expedition Polaris.

Tookoolito first encountered Europeans through whaling activity in the Cumberland Sound area; in 1853, a whaling captain named Thomas Bowlby brought her with Ebierbing and an unrelated child ("Harlookjoe") to England. The three Inuit were exhibited in various venues throughout the north of the country, and were eventually brought to London, where they were received by Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle. Unlike many less scrupulous showmen, Bowlby returned the group to the Arctic where, some seven years later, the explorer Charles Francis Hall met "Hannah" and "Joe" (as Ebierbing was known) and enlisted their aid as translator and guide. Tookoolito primemente incontrava europeos per le activitate de baleneros circa le Stricto Cumberland; in 1853, un capitano balenero nominava Thomas Bowlby la apportava con Ebierbing e un infante sin relation ("Harlookjoe") a Anglaterra. Le tres Inuit esseva exhibite in varie locos in le nord del pais, e finalmente esseva apportate a London, ubi ille esseva recipite per Regina Victoria in Castello Windsor. Differente de altere mercantes de spectaculos con minus moralitate, Bowlby retornava le gruppo al Arctic ubi, circa septe annos plus tarde, le explorator Charles Francis Hall incontrava "Hannah" e "Joe" (como Ebierbing esseva cognoscite), e inrolava le adjuta de illos como traductor e guida.
She and Joe returned with Hall in the fall of 1862, and appeared alongside him at his lectures. Later that year, Hall arranged for them to be exhibited at Barnum's American Museum in New York, where they drew enormous crowds, advertised as "Esquimaux Indians ... from the arctic regions ... the first and only inhabitants of these frozen regions ever brought to" the United States. Not long after, Hall agreed to a second exhibition at Boston's Aquarial Gardens, but when no payment was forthcoming, decided that such shows were not worth the risk to Hannah and Joe's health. Nevertheless, they accompanied him on his East Coast lecture tour throughout the early months of 1863, and quite probably as a result, Tookoolito's young daughter "Butterfly" became ill and died. Inconsolable, Tookoolito became suicidal, but eventually regained her health, returning, along with Ebierbing, with Hall to the Arctic on his second land expedition from 1864 to 1869. During this expedition, Tookoolito gave birth to a son "King William," who died in infancy; she and Joe then adopted a two-year old Inuit girl whom they called simply "Panik" (the Inuktitut word for "daughter").Illa e Joe retornava con Hall in le autumno de 1862, e appareva con ille in su conferentias. Plu tarde in le anno, Hall arrangiava un exhibition super illes in Barnum's American Museum in New York, ubi illes tirava turbas enorme, annunciava como "Indianos Eskimo ... del regiones del arctic ... le prime e sol habitantes de iste regiones gelate unquam apportava al" Statos Unite. Non multo plus tarde, Hall consentiva a un secunde exhibition al Aquarial Gardens de Boston, ma quando le pagamento non veniva, se decideva que tal expositiones non valeva le risco al sanitate de Hannah e Joe. Nonobstante, illes le accompaniava al tour de conferentias in omne parte del prime menses de 1863, e toto probabilemente como un resultato de isto, le juvene filia de Tookoolito, "Butterfly", deveniva malade e moriva. Sin consolation, Tookoolito deveniva suicidal, ma finalmente reganiava su sanitate, retornante con Ebierbing e Hall al Arctic in su secunde expedition terrestre de 1864 a 1869. Durante iste expedition, Tookoolito parturiva un filio, "King William", qui moriva in su infantia; illa e Joe alora adoptava un puera inuit de due annos qui illes appellava simplemente "Panik" (le parola Inuktitut pro "filia").
She and Joe also accompanied Hall on his final voyage, the voyage of the Polaris (1871-1873. Along with their daughter Panik and the Greenlandic Inuit hunter Hans Hendrik, they were among the party left behind after Hall's death, when the ship abruptly broke loose of the ice and failed to return. This party endured a remarkable six-month drift on a gradually-shrinking iceberg, kept alive only by Joe and Hans's hunting skills; the entire party was rescued by a whaler in April of 1873. During the investigation into Hall's death, both Tookoolito and Ebierbing testified, both corroborating Hall's belief that he had been poisoned, but their evidence was discounted. They returned to Groton, Connecticut to a home that whaling captain Sidney O. Budington had helped them establish, but after Panik's death at a young age, Joe returned to the Arctic, and Hannah fell into declining health. On December 31, 1876, she died, and was buried in the Starr Burying Ground not far from the Budington family plot.

Illa e Joe anque accompaniava Hall in su viage final, le viage de Polaris (1871-1873). Con su filia Panik e le inuit chassator de Groenlandia Hans Hendrik, illes esseva inter le gruppo relinquite post le morte de Hall, quando le nave abruptemente se rumpiva del glacie e non poteva retornar. Iste gruppo indurava un remarcabile voga de sex menses sur un iceburg que se gradualmente contracteva, remanente vive solo per le habilitate del chassa de Joe e Hans; tote le gruppo esseva salvate per un balenero in april de 1873. Durante le investigation super le morte de Hall, ambe Tookoolito e Ebierung attestava, ambes confirmante le credentia de Hans que ille esseva invenate, ma le evidentia de illes esseva discontate. Illes retornava a Groton, Connecticut a un casa que le capitano balenero Sidney O. Budington habeva adjutate establir, ma post le morte de Panik a un etate juvene, Joe retornava al Arctic, e le sanitate de Hannah decadeva. In 31 de decembre 1876 illa moriva, e esseva interrate in le Starr Burying Ground non distante del terreno de familia Budington.

Tookoolito Inlet, located at 63º5' N, 64º45' W on the western side of Cornelius Grinnell Bay in Nunavut is named after her.Imbuccatura Tookoolito, situate a 63º5' N, 64º45' W al weste parte del Baia Cornelius Grinnell in Nunavut, se nomina pro illa.

Fossa de Tookoolito, Groton CT (photo de 2008)
Fossa de Tookoolito, Groton CT (photo de 2008) / Tookoolito's grave, Groton CT (2008 photo)


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