America in 1911: Part 5

Tuesday, June 07, 2016

Part 5 (images 401 to 500) of Jules Huret's l'Amérique Moderne, published in 1911.

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6

Chicago. Mouth of the river. -- Chicago is crossed by a river that enters the lake at the north of the city. Grain elevators can be seen on its banks crowded with boats.
The skyscrapers of Chicago. -- Chicago is New York's rival with a jealousy for its prosperity; very rich as well, it is lavish with giant buildings that jut out towards the stars.
The docks of Chicago. -- The commerce in Chicago and its placement on the lake brings to the warehouses of the city and all the areas of Illinois and neighboring states and accumulation of merchandise that an uninterrupted wave of carts has a difficult time reducing. 
Lincoln Park. -- This beautiful park is located at the north end of the city and has no less than 120 hectares of area.
Chicago. The Federal Building. -- This monumental building is made of a number of buildings topped with a central dome at a height of 64 meters.
Lincoln Park. -- Lincoln Park is not just a pleasant walk, it's also a sort of nursery for the most varied of species.
Lincoln Park. -- On the lawns of the park a well-intentioned management has been carried out, with more good will than taste in its bizarre and inaesthetic floral decorations.
Port of Chicago. -- The quays on the port of Chicago extend for a surface area of 180 hectares, full of trains loaded with merchandise. This is where all the production of the center west takes place.
Chicago. The University. -- This immense building in English Gothic style is due in part to the bounty of Mr. Rockefeller. It has around 5,000 students, of which 2,000 are young women.
Chicago. The horse market. -- In an immense pavilion Chicago has the largest horse market in the world, horses for carriages too, but especially those for slaughter.

Chicago. The museum. -- This beautiful building, built in Jackson park for the Expo, contains a number of collections (still small in number, but beautiful) of natural history and ethnography.
Chicago. A princely residence. -- This magnificent hotel, owned by Mrs. Patter-Palmers, is one of the most beautiful in Chicago.
Chicago. Grain elevators. -- It is inside these immense constructions that the formidable quantities of cereals have come from the interior to then be loaded onto ships.
Chicago. Plymouth Place. -- Jackson Boulevard on the edge of Plymouth Place that you can see one side of here is one of the most commercial and animated locations in the city.
Chicago. -- The streets of the city at certain hours of the day show as much animation as those in New York, with innumerable cars and tramways crisscrossing in all directions.
Chicago at night. -- Chicago, an industrial and lively city, shows an activity just as intense at night as during the day. Electricity floods out by its luminous signs into the streets in torrents of light.
The stockyards. Preparation of pork. -- The innumerable services of Chicago's butchers occupy around 25,000 people: employees, guards, butchers, distributed in the 200 hectares of the Stockyards.
Chicago. Entrance to the Stockyards. -- The Stockyards are slaughterhouses where a formidable amount of slaughter takes place every day: cows, sheep, pigs, etc.
The Stockyards. Arrival of the pigs. -- In this special city that the Stockyards make up, the trains of beasts arrive along the palisades.
The Stockyards. The parks. -- It's a very impressive spectacle to think about, especially during the hours of the day when all the compartments are filled.
The Stockyards. The parks. -- In the compartments that form the parks there is an unheard of entanglement, an uninterrupted mooing, a mournful complaint of all these animals that are going to die.
The Stockyards. Slaughtering of cows. -- The marked cows are brought into corridors where all rebellious movement is impossible. Above them the workers take them out with a strike to the neck.
The Stockyards. Butchering of cows. -- As soon as they are taken down the cows pass through rooms where in sequence they are stripped, emptied, washed, removed of horns, hoofs, beheaded, and finally cut into quarters.
Niagara Falls. -- The gigantic flow that joins the waters of the lakes Erie and Ontario encounters an obstacle 47 meters high that it crosses in one incredible leap.
Zion City. -- Zion City is a city created at the gates of Chicago by a sort of crafty prophet for his numerous adepts. Here you can see Dowie in city wear, and as the chief of the church of Zion.
A ceremony at Zion City. -- Dowie excels in the presentation of religious ceremonies, which have also brought him a considerable fortune estimated to be in the millions. The sect that he has been able to found is made of about 10,000 fanatic and convinced dupes.
Niagara Falls. -- The Niagara Falls constitute the most grandiose natural wonder of the United States.
Downstream from the falls -- After leaving the falls the waters of the Niagara River calm down for an instant, but once they reach the turn in this photograph the slope becomes rapid again and the river takes up its disheveled course again.
The Niagara rapids. -- Driven over a rapid incline a few km from the falls, the waters become white with foam at a vertigo-inducing speed.
Goat Island. -- Seen from the terrace of Goat Island the view of the falls is unforgettable.
If the spectacle seen from above is a grandiose one, it's even more impressive when you see it from the bottom as you watch an entire river crashing down.
Niagara in the winter. -- The winter is so tough in the United States that the enormous mass of water, despite its weight and speed, finds itself imprisoned in the ice.
The falls, imprisoned. -- Under the cold of the North the waters of the Niagara freeze and the imprisoned liquid mass transforms into giant stalactites with a curious appearance.
A famous beauty in America. -- For Ms. Geraldine Farrar, an admirable singer, there is a great deal of enthusiasm for her reputation for beauty.
A roster of heiresses. -- The maids of honor that sit in with Miss Gould all belong to the American "gentry" and are themselves extremely rich heiresses.
A five o'clock at 5th Avenue. -- The "gentry" of New York holds frequent receptions and the photograph above shows up a tea served by young millionaires.
American nobility. -- A good number of contacts exist today between the moneyed aristocracy and the nobility of Europe. 
Transatlantic marriages. -- Miss Gould, who has recently gotten engaged with Mr. Drexel, an English noble.
Intellectualism in the United States. -- The American woman is not exclusively occupied with sports or fashion. Some, like Mrs. Clarence Mackay, have carved out a genuine reputation as a writer.
The brunette and the blonde. -- The North American is generally blonde, while in the southern states, long under Spanish rule, brunettes with black eyes are predominant.
American beauties. -- The type of American beauty, popularized by the drawings of Gibbson, has a harmonious blend of delicate grace and comfortable assurance.
American girls. -- Vapidity is unknown amongst young American girls. Accustomed since childhood to exercise in open air, they acquire a vigorous beauty that takes nothing away from their charm.
Cuisine for millionaires. -- The young and rich women in the United States intend to know everything about their future role as masters of the house, and they prepare for this assiduously in taking courses to learn cuisine.
Cigar and newspaper sellers. -- The art of publicity in America takes on the most unexpected and picturesque forms.
Mobile potato merchant. -- Even the modest potato merchant has found an ingenious and original method to promote his merchandise.
A giant ad. -- Americans love enormous ads, covering at times ten stories of a building. There is no art in it at all, but they irresistibly catch the eye of those passing by, which is all that matters.
Moving ads. -- In New York people are not content just with putting ads on walls; they walk them around on giant boards where meetings and protests are announced.
Lumunous publicity in New York. -- The photograph on the left shows us a luminous advertisement that its distance above the ground makes it seem small. But when you see its gigantic proportions on the right it makes you think about the enormous scaffolding that supports it.
Advertising in the United States. -- In order to make the passerby stop and look at the ads, a certain company has had the ingenious idea to have charming girls plaster them on the walls.
Giant trees. -- These trees belong to the specias Sequoia gigantea. The largest of them all, the Grizzly Giant, has no less than 31 meters of circumference and 9.4 meters of diameter.
The giants of Mariposa. -- The sequoia forest is divided into two groups, the lower and the upper forest. The trees of the upper forest are less wide but higher; these ones are no less than 75 meters.
A king of the forest. -- Over the centuries their trunks have been carved into and hollowed out, forming tunnels where cars pass through and giving these Titans the misleading appearance of colossi with feet of clay.
Yellowstone Park. Cleopatra Terrace. -- This natural curiosity located not far from the north entrance of the park is a waterfall of boiling water descending step by step a basaltic mass.
Yosemite Valley. Glacier Point. -- Out of the chaos of the heaped up rocks rises an enormous block of vertigo-inducing appearance that brave tourists consider a point of honor to climb.
Yellowstone Park. The chaos. -- Nothing is more varied than the appearance of this region. The most cheerful passages alternate with convulsive and chaotic bits of nature.
Yellowstone Park. Entrance. -- This territory a third the size of Belgium was made into a national park to protect its marvels against all efforts at industrial development.
Yellowstone Park. A geyser crater. -- The mouth of geysers at rest resemble immense bowls. The mouth of the Excelsior, the largest geyser in the world, has an opening 57 meters wide.
Yellowstone National Park. -- Practical in all areas, Americans know how to take part in their natural marvels. That's why at the most beautiful parts of the national park they have set up hotels with terraces that let you comfortably admire the incredible chaos of the Grand Canyon.
American landscapes. -- In the hilly desert that this photograph shows, an enormous rock is very picturesque, having the form of a dog, and seems to be watching the train that runs through the empty immensity at top speed.
An Iroquois woman. -- Once very populous, the Iroquois tribe hardly has 10,000 members today. Their women have smooth and pleasant faces.
Panorama of Montreal. -- Montreal is the most flourishing city in Canada, of which it is used to be the capital. It is located on the Saint Laurent where the Champlain and the Ottawa converge. Its population now reaches nearly 200,000.
A Russian colony in Montreal. -- Among the immigrants that increase the population of Montreal every year, the Russian one composed of farmers and laborers is one of the most important and most active.
Montreal. City Hall. -- Montreal shows a number of beautiful buildings. Its city hall is very interesting for its imposing dimensions and elegant architecture.
A bridge in Montreal. -- This magnificent iron bridge, extending from one bank to the other of the Saint Laurent, is a recent construction. It was solemnly inaugurated in 1897 at the jubilee of Queen Victoria.
Agriculture in Canada. -- The immense plains in Canada where the horizon is a uniformly straight line, are covered with various types of agriculture, mostly cereals, which make up the main richness of the country.
Iroquois types. -- The Iroquois were once a warlike and proud tribe that energetically defended its independence against the English and the French.
Mount Royal. -- In summer Mount Royal is a vast, shaded and picturesque park. You get to the top by a cable car that raises the walkers up to a terrace where you can see a panorama of the city.
Montreal. The toboggan. -- The toboggan is the preferred amusement for Canadians during the winter. A very popular slope has been set up close to the city.
montreal in the winter. -- Mount Royal, from where the city gets its name, is a very frequented place for excursions. During the winter the rich in Montreal take up all the sports of the season such as skating, skiing, sledding, etc.
An Indian village. -- The Iroquois, though they have not conserved any of their primitive savagery, prefer to group in villages where they live according to their customs and particular practices.
A pyramid of vegetables. -- This enormous pile of vegetables and fruits shows well the richness of the Canadian soil and the profits that an immigrant can hope for.
An Indian hut. -- Not all Iroquois are gathered in villages. Many of them still live in primitive huts, made of thatch and reeds.
An Iroquois in costume. -- The Iroquois of our day does not differentiate himself from the Canadian citizen except by the brick color of his skin, and does not wear his parade dress and feathered hat except for days of ceremony.
An old Iroquois. -- The current Iroquois tribes retain a few lingering types with tough faces that remind you of the legendary figures of Fenimore Cooper and Gustave Aymard.
Huron. -- Specimens of the Huron race are becoming rarer and rarer in Canada. The one above shows a woman of an absolutely pure Indian heritage.
Quebec. The Château de Saint-Louis. -- Built on the point of a cliff once inaccessible, this important building serves today as residence for the governor of the city.
Quebec, port of war. -- The deep waters of the Saint Laurent give the strongest of cruisers and battleships access to the city, the large Canadian port of war.
The Saint Laurent at Quebec. -- Seen from the other side of the river, Quebec shows a pretty appearance with its architecture on the banks of the Saint Laurent for kilometers.
Quebec. The Palais de Justice. -- This important building is completely modern, with a severe architecture and tower on top.
Quebec. Monument to Jacques Cartier. -- Canada has piously conserved the memory of the great French explorer.
Old Quebec street. -- Quebec still has picturesque streets dating back to French occupation.
Quebec. The house where Montcalm died. -- In the old district of the city the house where the heroic defender of Quebec died is still conserved in its original state.
Quebec. Dufferin terrace. -- On the side of a hill where the view includes the panorama of the river is the Dufferin terrace, a much sought out promenade in the city.
View of Quebec. -- Situated on a joining of the Saint Laurent and the Saint Charles river, Quebec is a very important city of commerce as well as a war port, with a population of around 70,000.
Fishing in Canada. -- Once summer comes Canada changes: it's the season for fishing. The Saint Laurent especially abounds in fish of all types, some of them attaining an enormous size.
A good hunt in Canada. -- Canada is a wonderland for hunters. Game is extremely abundant and for a tiny sum anyone can engage in the pleasure of the hunt.
Winter routes in Canada. -- On the infinite plain that the snow covers the Canadians have to trace their paths using sleighs that indicate the route to follow.
Working in the forest in winter. -- The forestry industry never stops despite the rigors of the cold. The loads of wood are transported on robust sleighs as far as the next city.
Statue of Champlain. -- Champlain (Samuel de), the founder of Quebec, was a Protestant gentleman who had fought under the orders of Henri VI. He was governor of Canada until his death.
Quebec. -- It was inside this tower on the point overlooking the city that the French concentrated the last efforts of their heroic resistance against the English.
Quebec. The citadel. -- On an elevation of 120 meters with the name Cap Diamant is the heavy mass of the citadel that once defended the city against enemy attacks.
Winter in Canada. -- The months of winter are extremely harsh in Canada and the winter that covers the country requires using sleds which are the only possible way to move around.
Primitive houses. -- Around the city it is common to find huts of planks and coated with slate, from the same time as Cartier and Montcalm and even Champlain.
Ottawa. The palace of Parliament. -- This magnificent building is one of the most beautiful monuments in North America: its architecture, dominated by a Gothic style, surprises the viewer a bit in this country of modern civilization.
Ottawa. -- Before the city itself to which it gave its name, the Ottawa river pours its waters into a second bed a few meters below. Though not grandiose, this waterfall does not lack in being picturesque and serves as a place for a stroll amongst the inhabitants.
Electoral campaigns in the United States. -- The candidates can't handle the terrible fatigue of meetings and speeches. So Mr. Bryan has given the phonograph the task of speaking for him.
Panorama of Washington. -- Washington is the capital of the United States and the residence of the President of the Republic of which you can see the White House palace in the foreground.
Mr. Taft the candidate. -- The candidates for public office must bend themselves, as always, to the wants of their electors, discuss, and attend public meetings like Mr. Taft here is doing.
The Capitol. -- This magnificent building, seat of the American Parliament, was built on a height of 30 meters over the Potomac. Its dome rises to 82 meters, and its imposing mass dominates the entire city.
The White House. -- The residence of the President of the Republic is of an extremely simple architecture only spiced up by the large portico with a Greek facade, serving as the entry point.


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