Which is closer to Kaliningrad, Germany or Russia?

Friday, August 29, 2014

Kaliningrad AKA Königsberg is an exclave of Russia, used to be a part of the German Empire, both joined to the country,

as well as separated from it. So being a Russian exclave isn't its first time being an exclave.

But which country is it closer to? On a map it looks fairly close. What is the exact distance?

There are more precise tools out there, but the distance calculator for Google Maps placed on two points that seem to be closest to each other will give us a good idea. The rules are that we are going as the crow flies, and sea borders don't count.

Let's start with Germany. We head to the northeast, get as close to the sea as possible along the Polish border, and extend the second point to that sandbar-like protrusion that I don't remember the name of.

That works out to: 357.539 km.

And Russia? The closest point is down in that corner where Russia, Latvia and Belarus share a border. It's not exactly on that confluence of the three countries, but it's close. The closest point in Kaliningrad is a part that bumps out a bit on the northeast due to a small river marking the border, and happens to be the closest part.

And the distance? It's...


362.122 km. Germany by a nose.


Germany in 1912: Images 286 to 290

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Part of Freeport. - Vessels approaching Freeport and can leave at any hour of the day or night, without customs control and without hindrance of any kind.

Henri Bruchard was for a long time the mayor of Hamburg and President of the Senate. For fifteen years, he remained one of most prominent politicians of the great city.

The Canals. - Old houses with gables and small windows opening to the outside border warehouses, shops, brick and wood residences.

The Imperator, which belongs to the Hamburg-Amerika Linie, is at present the largest transatlantic with a caliber of 50,000 tons.

The San Pauli quarter. - This suburb of Hamburg is the theater of marine life. They make their way around from tavern to tavern there.


Speaking of old German things

Monday, August 18, 2014

I came across another old German book here, upon doing a search for the keyword Ceres during the 50 or so years it was considered to be a planet. This was back before the term asteroid had been clearly defined, when the only objects we were capable of discovering were around planetary size. Eventually so many of them were discovered that a decision was made to call them something else besides a planet, the term asteroid was coined, and Ceres vanished from view. Who wants to explore an asteroid, after all, when there are planets to be explored? Were Ceres to have remained a planet, it likely would have been visited a lot sooner than early 2015.

As a book from 1805 the German orthography is old and the first parts of the book are full of calculations along with bad scans that make it hard to read. Around page 300 though it gets into direct observations of the planet, and by then the scanning quality is better. So if you're into that sort of thing, read a bit of the intro, then skip over the badly scanned parts and then make your way toward the end.


Germany in 1912: Images 281 to 285

The Diemurser Bridge belongs to this picturesque old quarter of Hamburg through which small barges travel on the dirty water amongst the boats moored here and there.

View of the Alster. - The Alster is divided into two parts by the bridge of the Lombards. In the foreground, the Aussen-Alster, further, the Binnen-Alster. The brightest and most beautiful part of the city is the Binnen-Alster. On its banks, especially on the Jungfernstieg, walks an elegant and cosmopolitan crowd.

The Elbstrasse is one of the busiest shopping streets in Hamburg. Here one is aware of the movement of business of one of the most important ports in the world.

The swimming pond. - Amid the intense animation of many ponds that constitute the great port of Hamburg, the incessant movement of steamers, boats and yachts, it is a curious sight to see the antics of the many swimmers in the frothing Elbe.

Hamburg. - Perpendicular to the docks covered with warehouses, cranes, trucks, railways, etc., one sees narrow streets interspersed with canals with muddy water. This is the area of the "Fleth."


Germany in 1912: Images 276 to 280

Monday, August 11, 2014

Hamburg. - The Rathaus, rebuilt some ten years ago, is a fine edifice of stone, surmounted by a tower of 112 meters, harmonious in its heaviness.

The Fleth District. - The term "Fleth" the many canals that criss-cross the old city. Two rivers here are connected through sluices.

Hamburg. - The Alster-Flag is a cafe-restaurant built on stilts, one of the most frequented in the city. Beside it are the Hamburgerhof and superb hotel Vierjahreszeiten.

The Bridge of the River Elbe was completed in 1888. At its ends rise large brick Gothic gates, which give it an imposing and monumental character.

The Commemorative Monument of 1870-1871. - Its breadth and its banality give a fairly accurate idea of most German patriotic monuments.


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