The Fragmented States of North America

Wednesday, January 05, 2011

What would the North American economy look like if every single state and province in the US, Canada and Mexico suddenly declared independence and turned into its own country? Most know that California would become the largest economic powerhouse in the region, but besides that it's not always obvious which state or province would stack up with another. To give some idea of how it would look I've put them all in a single chart below. The map on the right is also lacking colours and has been turned around in order to make the national borders we are otherwise used to as invisible as possible.

The list includes parts of the three countries that aren't officially provinces or states, since 1) if every province and state became independent they would have to govern themselves too, and 2) the largest part of Mexico (by GDP) is the Federal District, which is technically not a state either.

"Equivalent country" on the right is measured by GDP, and is very rough, obtained simply by selecting the nearest country below the state's GDP on this list, or the nearest country just above if they happen to be extremely close.

Rank "Country" name GDP ($million) Population Equivalent country
1California1,891,36337,253,956Canada
2Texas1,144,695 25,145,561 Mexico
3 New York1,093,219 19,378,102 "
4Florida737,038 18,801,310 Turkey
5Illinois 630,39812,910,409 Switzerland
6Pennsylvania554,77412,604,767"
7 Ontario 513,052 13,210,667 Belgium
8New Jersey 482,967 8,707,739 "
9 Ohio 471,264 11,536,504 "
10 Virginia 408,4438,001,024 Austria
11 North Carolina 398,0429,535,483 "
12 Georgia 395,1949,687,653 "
13 Michigan 368,4019,883,640 "
14 Massachusetts 365,1826,547,629 South Africa
15 Washington 338,3346,724,540 Iran
16 Maryland 286,7975,773,552 Venezuela
17 Indiana 262,6476,483,802 United Arab Emirates
18 Minnesota 260,6925,303,925 "
19Quebec259,958 7,886,108 "
20Arizona 256,3646,392,017 "
21 Colorado 252,6575,029,196 "
22 Tennessee 244,5086,214,888 "
23 Wisconsin 244,3705,686,986 "
24 Missouri 239,7525,988,927 "
25 Connecticut 227,4053,574,097 Hong Kong
26 Louisiana 208,3774,533,372 Nigeria
27Federal District 192,0738,720,700 Philippines
28 Alberta 179,1133,724,832 Pakistan
29 Alabama 169,8564,779,736 Algeria
30 Oregon 165,6483,831,074 "
31South Carolina 159,6474,625,364 "
32British Columbia158,6164,383,800Romania
33Kentucky156,5534,339,367Peru
34Oklahoma153,7783,751,351"
35Iowa142,2823,046,355New Zealand
36Nevada126,5032,700,551Qatar
37Kansas124,9212,853,118Kuwait
38Utah112,9412,763,885Bangladesh
39Arkansas101,8182,915,918Vietnam
40District of Columbia99,129601,723Morocco
41Mississippi95,9052,967,297"
42Mexico State86,65614,349,700Slovakia
43Nebraska86,4391,826,341"
44New Mexico74,8012,059,179Sudan
45Nuevo León67,0024,041,300"
46Hawaii66,4311,360,301"
47Jalisco66,2606,540,700"
48West Virginia63,3441,852,994Ecuador
49Delaware60,588897,934Croatia
50New Hampshire59,4001,316,470Oman
51Idaho54,0051,567,582"
52Maine51,2931,328,361Dominican Republic
53Rhode Island47,8371,052,567Slovenia
54Alaska45,709710,231Bulgaria
55 Chihuahua41,0953,274,700 Guatemala
56 Manitoba40,8921,232,654 "
57 Saskatchewan 40,080 1,049,701 Lebanon
58Veracruz 38,415 6,980,900 Uzbekistan
59South Dakota 38,308 814,180 "
60Wyoming 37,544 563,626 Lithuania
61Montana 35,954 989,415 "
62Puebla 33,054 5,480,200 Kenya
63Baja California 32,161 2,846,500 Ethiopia
64North Dakota 31,872 672,591 "
65Guanajuato 31,268 4,919,000 "
66 Coahuila 29,481 2,395,100 Panama
67 Tamaulipas 28,588 2,927,300 "
68 Nova Scotia 28,159 944,251 "
69 Sonora 25,908 2,262,700Latvia
70Vermont 25,438 625,741 "
71 New Brunswick 22,507 1098109 Tanzania
72Newfoundland 19,226 1098109 Estonia
73 Michoacán 18,761 4,066,900 Ghana
74 San Luis Potosí 16,974 2,370,400 Afghanistan
75 Sinaloa 16,974 2,574,300 "
76 Querétaro 16,081 1,558,500 Zambia
77 Chiapas 14,294 4,329,700 Jamaica
78 Guerrero 14,294 3,196,100 "
79 Quintana Roo 14,294 1,023,500 "
80 Oaxaca 13,400 3,651,100 Iceland
81 Yucatán 12,507 1,714,100 Botswana
82 Morelos 11,614 1,637,400 Albania
83 Durango 11,614 1,449,100 "
84 Hidalgo 11,614 2,330,900 "
85 Aguascalientes 11,614 1,023,800 "
86 Tabasco 11,614 1,994,700 "
87 Campeche 10,720 720,900 Mozambique
88 Zacatecas 7,147 1,381,900 Haiti
89Baja California Sur5,360477,200Moldova
90 Nayarit 5,360 942,200 "
91 Colima 4,467 581,100 Kyrgyzstan
92 Tlaxcala 4,467 1,034,600 "
93Prince Edward Island3,9961098109Barbados
94Northwest Territories3,4581098109Suriname
95 Yukon Territory 1,445 1098109 Maldives
96 Nunavut1,188 1098109 Djibouti

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