List of German loanwords in Bulgarian

Sunday, November 08, 2009

The German Wikipedia has a list of German loanwords in Bulgarian that might be of interest to some readers here. You can see that quite a few of the words come from technical areas, as well as a few chess words in there as well. A lot of the words are also present in Russian. The transcription is a tad different from the actual pronunciation since Bulgarian devoices consonants at the end of a word, and thus a word with a d at the end is actually pronounced as t.

A page from last year is also quite interesting, as it deals with how a lot of Bulgarians choose to have their children learn German as English with its much larger influence and scope is something that is easier to just pick up afterwards, so two birds with one stone. An even better language to choose for this though would be Dutch as it is based on the same principle - since it's harder to find places to use Dutch compared to German then make that one's child's primary foreign language, and then both German and English then become that much easier to learn later on.

German
English
Bulgarian
Transcription
Absatz
paragraph
абзац
abzats
(Sport)anzug
gym suit
анцуг
antsug
Auspuff
exhaust (on a vehicle)
ауспухauspuf
Autokran
crane (construction)
Автокранavtokran
Backenbart
sideburns
бакенбардbakenbard
Backpulver
baking powder
бакпулверbakpulver
Benzin
benzine (gasoline)
Бензинbenzin
Bagger digger/excavator
Багерbager
Bohrmaschine drill (boring machine)
бормашинаbormashina
Diesel
diesel
Дизелdizel
Edelweiß edelweiss (a kind of flower)
еделвайс edelvays
(Schraub)fassung
screw (including the grooves on light bulbs, etc.)
фасунгаfasunga
Feuerwerk
fireworks
фойерверкfoyerverk
Feldscher
surgeon
Фелдшерfeldsher
(faules) Geschäft
business deal (also illegitimate profit)
гешефтgesheft
Kurort
spa (town)
курортkurort
Landschaft
landscape
ландшафтlandshaft
Leitmotiv
leitmotif, theme
лайтмотивlaytmotiv
Leberwurst
liverwurst
лебервурстlebervurst
Mundstück
mouthpiece
мундщукmundshtuk
(Übungs)platz
training ground
плацplats
Punkt
point
пунктpunkt
Chassis chassis
Шасиshasi
Scheibe
disk, plate, washer, etc.
шайбаshayba
Schiebedach
sunroof
шибидахshibidah
schleifen
grind, polish
шлайфамshlayfam
Schuss(fahrt)
schussing (skiing)
шусshus
Stecker
plug
щекерshteker
(Apfel)Strudel
(apple) strudel
щруделshtrudel
Witz
joke
вицvits
Wunderkind
child prodigy
вундеркиндvunderkind
Zeitnot
time pressure (running out of time in chess for example)
цайтнотtsaytnot
Zement
cement
циментtsement
Zifferblatt
dial/face of a clock
циферблатtsiferblat
Zugzwang
tight spot (in chess where a player has to make a move when it would be preferable to make no move at all)
цугцвангtsugtsvang

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Sellamat Dave !

And Sambahsa has absatz, auspuff, bakenbart, kran, bagher, kurort, lanspect, schib, schleif, schtecker, cifferblat.
"chassis" is French.
And many words like benzin, diesel, edelweiss...are already international.
Many words common to Bulgarian and Byzantine Greek or Ottoman Turkish can be found in Sambahsa too.

Olivier
http://sambahsa.pbworks.com/

Anonymous said...

Sellamat Dave !

And Sambahsa has absatz, auspuff, bakenbart, kran, bagher, kurort, lanspect, schib, schleif, schtecker, cifferblat.
"chassis" is French.
And many words like benzin, diesel, edelweiss...are already international.
Many words common to Bulgarian and Byzantine Greek or Ottoman Turkish can be found in Sambahsa too.

Olivier
http://sambahsa.pbworks.com/

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