Norwegian phrasebook from 1912: part 1

Monday, September 27, 2010

I found an interesting book here the other day, a fairly old (1912) Norwegian phrasebook that is much more user-friendly than many of the other books of its time. Though Norwegian has changed somewhat since then, after it's typed up it shouldn't be too hard to go over it once to make any changes that need to be made, and then add whatever else seems necessary. An extra column for IPA pronunciation could be good, recorded mp3 files as well (or whatever can be found on forvo.com), anything. In the meantime I'll proceed with first typing up the book as is, except for parts that are clearly unnecessary (postal rates, weights, etc.).

Total length is about 140 pages so once finished it'll be quite large.

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The World and its Elements. (Verden og dens elementer.)


English. Norwegian. Pronunciation.
The air luft-en lŏŏftern
a cloud en sky ehn sheu
the cold kulde-n kŏŏlern
darkness mørke n. rrker
dew dug c. dŏŏg
dust støv n. sterv
the earth jord-en yohrern
the east øst-en erstern
an eclipse en formørkelse c. ehn forrmerr-kerlser
fire ild c. ill
fog taake c. tawker
frost frost c. frawst
hail hagl hahg-erl
heat hete c. hehter
light lys n. leuss
the lightning lyn-et leunert
the moon; new moon, full moon maane-n; nymaane-n, fuldmaane-n mawnern; neu-mawnern, fŏŏll-mawnern
moonlight maanelys n. mawler-leuss
nature natur c. nahtoor
the north nord-en nohrdern
rain regn n. rine
a rainbow en regnbue ehn rineboo-er
the shade, shadow skygge-n sheuggern
the sky himmel-en himlern
snow sne c. sneh
the south syd-en seudern
a star en stjerne ehn st'yerrner
the sun sol-en sohlern
a thaw et tøveir eht tervarr
thunder torden c. tohrrdern
the weather veir-et varr-ert
the west vest-en vestern
the wind vind-en vinnern





Land and Water. (Land og vand.)


English. Norwegian. Pronunciation.
A bay en bugt ehn bŏŏkt
the beach strand-en strahnnern
a canal en kanal ehn kahnahl
a cape et nes eht nehss
a cliff en klippe ehn klipper
the coast kyst-en keustern
a creek en vik ehn veek
the current strøm-m-en
(consonant doubled after short vowel when article is added) 
strĕrmmern
the ebb ebbe-n ehbbern
the flood (deluge) oversvømmelse-n awverr-svĕrmmerl-sern
the flood (of the tide) flo-en floh-ern
the flow strøm-m-en strermmern
the foam skum-m-et skŏŏmmert
a hill en bakke, aas ehn bahkker, awss
the ice is-en eesern
an island en ø ehn er
a lake en indsjø ehn inn-sher
the land land-et lahnnert
the mainland fastland-et fahst-lahnnert
a marsh en myr ehn meur
a moor en lyngmo ehn leung-moh
a mountain et berg, fjeld eht behrrg, f'yell
the mud dynd-et deunnert
a river en elv ehn ehlv
a rock en klippe ehn klipper
the sand sand-et sahnnert
the sea sjø-en sher-ern
the sea-shore sjøstrand-en sher-strahnnern
the shingle rullesten n. rŏŏller-stehn
a storm en storm ehn stawrrm
a stream en bæk ehn bekh
a tide; high tide, low tide et tidevand; høivand, lavvand eht teedervahn; herivahn, lahv-vahn
a valley en dal ehn dahl
the water; fresh water, salt water vand-et; ferskvand-et, saltvand-et vahnnert; fehrrsk-vahnnert, sahlt-vahnnert
a waterfall en fos ehn fawss
a wave en bølge ehn berl-gher
a well en brønd ehn brernn




Minerals and Metals. (Mineraler og metaller.)


English. Norwegian. Pronunciation.
Alum alun n. ahlŏŏn
amber rav n. rahv
brass messing messing
bricks mursten c. mŏŏrr-stehn
bronze bronse c. brohnser
cement cement c. sehment
chalk kridt n. krit
clay lere c. lehrer
coal kul n. kŏŏl
concrete konkret n. kawnkreht
copper kobber n. kawbberr
coral koral c. kohrahl
a crystal en krystal ehn kreustahl
a diamond en diamant ehn dee'ahmahnt
an emerald en smaragd ehn smahrahgd
glass glas n. glahss
gold guld n. gŏŏl
granite granit c. grahnit
gravel grus n. grooss
iron jern n. yehrrn
iron, cast støpejern n. sterper-yehrrn
iron, wrought smijern n. smee-yehrrn
lead bly n. bleu
lime lim n. leem
marble marmor n. mahrmohrr
mercury kviksölv n. kvikserlv
mortar lim n.; kalk c. leem; kahlk
nickel nikkel n. nikkerl
an opal en opal ehn ohpahl
ore erts c. ehrrts
a pearl en perle ehn pehrrler
a ruby en rubin ehn roobeen
silver sölv n. serlv
slate skifer c. sheeferr
soda soda c. sohdah
steel staal n. stawl
stone sten c. stehn
tin tin n. tin
zinc sink c. sink

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