South and North Korea by the numbers in 2009: South Korean economy 37 times larger, 200 times more total trade, produced 873 times more cars

Thursday, January 06, 2011

An article here in Korean today gives some detailed numbers comparing the size of the South and North Korean economies for 2009, which apparently have just been released by the National Statistics Office here in South Korea. In just about every area except for three (or four, depending on how you count) the economy in the South far surpasses that of the North, and the details are below. The article also has an infochart here in Korean that gives a quick summary of the numbers below. The numbers where the North produced more than the South in 2009 are gathered together at the bottom for easy reference.


According to numbers from South Korea's National Statistics Office released on 5 January, the South Korean economy was 37 times larger than that of the North in 2009.

South Korea's GNI (gross national income) per capita was 18 times that of the North, and its total trade was 202 times greater. With the greater population in the South on top of this the GNI of the two nations becomes:

South Korea: $837.2 billion
North Korea: $22.4 billion

or 37.4 times greater in the South than the North. The entire economy of the North put together is about equivalent to the city of Gwangju, South Korea's sixth largest city located in the southwest.

GNI per capita for 2009:
South Korea $17,175
North Korea $960

Economic growth for 2009:
South Korea +0.2%
North Korea -0.9%

South Korea 48.747 million
North Korea 26.062 million

Total trade 2009
South Korea $686.6 billion
North Korea $3.4 billion
(South Korean total trade 201.9 times North Korea)

South Korea $363.5 billion
North Korea $1.1 billion
(South Korean total exports 330.5 times North Korea)

South Korea $323.1 billion
North Korea $2.4 billion
(South Korean total imports 134.6 times North Korea)

Cars produced in 2009
South Korea 3.513 million
North Korea 4000
(878.3 times more)

Crude steel produced
South Korea 48.572 million tonnes
North Korea 1.235 million tonnes
(38.7 times more)

Cement produced
South Korea 51.26 million tonnes
North Korea 6.126 million tonnes
(8.2 times more)

Chemical fertilizer produced
South Korea 2.558 million tonnes
North Korea 466,000 tonnes
(5.5 times more)

Synthetic fibre produced
South Korea  1.35 million tonnes
North Korea 300,000 tonnes
(4.5 times more)

Non-ferrous metals produced
South Korea 1.038 million tonnes
North Korea 398,000 tonnes
(2.6 times more)

Foodstuffs produced
South Korea 5.553 million tonnes
North Korea 4.108 million tonnes
(1.4 times more - note here that this means North Korea is actually producing more per capita since they have half the population; South Korea obviously imports a lot more food from China, Japan, etc.)

Rice produced
South Korea 4.916 million tonnes
North Korea 1.91 million tonnes
(2.6 times more)

Marine products (seafood)
South Korea  3.182 million tonnes
North Korea 663,000 tonnes
(4.8 times more)

Road extension / renewal
South Korea 104,983 km
North Korea 25,854 km
(2.4 times more)

Cargo handling capacity
South Korea 853.3 million tonnes
North Korea 370 million tonnes
(21.6 times more)

Total naval tonnage
South Korea 139.2 million tonnes
North Korea 840,000 tonnes
(16.6 times more)

Electricity generating capacity
South Korea 73.47 million kW
North Korea 6.928 kW
(10.6 times more)

Electricity generated
South Korea 43.36 kWh
North Korea 2.35 million kWh
(18.5 times more)

Crude oil acquired
South Korea 835.163 million barrels
North Korea 3.795 million barrels
(220.1 times more)

Three areas where North Korea produced more in 2009:

Rail extension / renewal
South Korea 3378 km
North Korea 5242 km
(1.6 times more for North Korea)

Steel production
South Korea 455,000 tonnes
North Korea 4.955 million tonnes
(10 times more for North Korea)

Coal production
South Korea 2.519 million tonnes
North Korea 25.5 million tones
(10 times more for North Korea)

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