Friday, October 23, 2009
Also keep in mind that c in Turkish is read as j in justice, so cam (glass) is read as jam. Turkishdictionary.net is a good way to check whether a word is still in use (though it won't tell you whether a word is commonly or rarely used), as a word like cüda (isolated) doesn't exist there, though you will find it elsewhere. It's on the Turkish version of Wiktionary and can be found in the English version as well through inputting the Arabic script. In modern Turkish usually one would say something like yalnız or ayrı kalmış to mean isolated, but apparently cüda has more to do with being isolated from something one loves (family or country).
After the Persian words there is also a list of Arabic words. The title of the article is "Turkish + Persian + Arabic = Ottoman", which is probably the best way to explain the Ottoman language in a single sentence. It's kind of like what English might be like if it had a few more loanwords from Greek and was written in the Greek alphabet as well.